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A formal ideal-based account of typicality.

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A formal ideal-based account of typicality. Psychon Bull Rev. 2011 Oct;18(5):1006-14 Authors: Voorspoels W, Vanpaemel W, Storms G Abstract Inspired by Barsalou's (Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 11, 629-654, 1985) proposal that categories can be represented by ideals, we develop and test a computational model, the ideal dimension model (IDM). The IDM is tested in its account of the typicality gradient for 11 superordinate natural language concepts and, using Bayesian model evaluation, contrasted with a standard exemplar model and a central prototype model. The IDM is found to capture typicality better than do ...
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