1. Articles in category: Machine Translation

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    1. Method and device for parsing and analyzing natural language sentences and text

      A program is provided for organizing a natural language, such as English, into binary units of two basic elements, Nounness and Verbness, which combine in two idea word patterns, called Primary Image and Conditional Image, and two Detail word patterns, called Process Detail and Background Detail. These two basic elements, Nounness and Verbness, function binarily within the program, either in combination for the two Image word patterns or separately for the two Detail word patterns. All word terns, except the verb-in-tense in the two Image word patterns, function binarily within the program in one of two positions: as Nounness, called ...
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    2. Machine translation system utilizing bilingual equivalence statements

      A machine translation system which operates by analyzing a source text to deduce information about the usage and meaning of the words of a source language text as they occur in context. This information is passed to an equivalencing module, which determines a set of equivalent target language words from which may be constructed a target language text by a generation module. The generation module has internal structure, including a tree construction module and a constraint checking module. The two modules operate in parallel. The tree constructor builds legal target language structures from which the translated text may be extracted ...
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    3. Translation rule learning scheme for machine translation

      A translation rule learning scheme for a machine translation using a computer, in which an original sentence in a first language and a translated sentence in a second language of a bilingual text are analyzed to obtain dependency structures indicating a predicate and a case information associated with the predicate in each language; case frame correspondences between the first and second languages are estimated by estimating correspondences of words in the dependency structures in the first and second languages according to a bilingual dictionary; the estimated case frame correspondences are modified by comparing the case information in the dependency structures ...
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    4. Parsing system

      A subject-of-analysis input section inputs an input sentence or phrase to be analyzed. A dictionary unit holds dictionary data for dictionary consultation for a language of the input sentence. A morphemic analyzer consults the dictionary for the input sentence and recognizes breaks between every input word. A grammatical rule unit holds grammatical rules for parsing in the form of a general context-free grammar. A parsing unit applies the grammatical rules to the input sentence for parsing of the sentence. An analysis table unit stores the analysis intermediate results by the parsing unit in predetermined storage locations and holds an analysis ...
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    5. Translating apparatus with special display mode for supplemented words

      The translator of the present invention includes the following units. A unit for analyzing semantic structure of a received source language sentence through a morphological and syntactic analyses, a unit for transforming the semantic structure of the source language sentence into that of the target language by determining target language words equivalent to individual words composing the source language sentence while, in case of need, supplementing a word to conform to the grammar of the target language, and a unit for generating a target language sentence by rearranging the determined words in conformance with the semantic structure of the target ...
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    6. Integrated authoring and translation system

      The present invention is a system of integrated, computer-based processes for monolingual information development and multilingual translation. An interactive text editor enforces lexical and grammatical constraints on a natural language subset used by the authors to create their text, which they help disambiguate to ensure translatability. The resulting translatable source language text undergoes machine translation into any one of a set of target languages, without the translated text requiring any postediting.
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    7. Language conversion system and text creating system using such

      A language conversion system converts an original sentence in a source-language into a translated sentence in a target-language. The language conversion system includes a original analysis unit for analyzing the original sentence so as to obtain an intermediate structure of the original, an idea center extraction unit for extracting an idea center from the intermediate structure obtained by the original analysis unit, the idea center being a central expression of an idea to be described by a sentence, an identification unit for identifying a sentence pattern including the idea center extracted by the idea center extraction unit, an information extraction ...
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      Mentions: Makoto Nagao
    8. Document information retrieval using global word co-occurrence patterns

      A method and apparatus accesses relevant documents based on a query. A thesaurus of word vectors is formed for the words in the corpus of documents. The word vectors represent global lexical co-occurrence patterns and relationships between word neighbors. Document vectors, which are formed from the combination of word vectors, are in the same multi-dimensional space as the word vectors. A singular value decomposition is used to reduce the dimensionality of the document vectors. A query vector is formed from the combination of word vectors associated with the words in the query. The query vector and document vectors are compared ...
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    9. Information collection system connected to a communication network

      An information collection system comprises a user interface unit for executing input/output information with respect to a user, an external interface unit for exchanging various types of information with an external unit, a user model determination unit for preparing at least one of user information for discriminating information required by the user, user information for defining an information proposition method, and user information for defining an information modification method in accordance with information input from the user interface unit, an information drawing-out unit for drawing out and modifying information input from the external interface unit in accordance with the ...
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    10. Language conversion system and text creating system using such

      A language conversion system converts an original sentence in a source-language into a translated sentence in a target-language. The language conversion system includes a original analysis unit for analyzing the original sentence so as to obtain an intermediate structure of the original, an idea center extraction unit for extracting an idea center from the intermediate structure obtained by the original analysis unit, the idea center being a central expression of an idea to be described by a sentence, an identification unit for identifying a sentence pattern including the idea center extracted by the idea center extraction unit, an information extraction ...
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    11. Language conversion system and text creating system using such

      A language conversion system converts an original sentence in a source-language into a translated sentence in a target-language. The language conversion system includes a original analysis unit for analyzing the original sentence so as to obtain an intermediate structure of the original, an idea center extraction unit for extracting an idea center from the intermediate structure obtained by the original analysis unit, the idea center being a central expression of an idea to be described by a sentence, an identification unit for identifying a sentence pattern including the idea center extracted by the idea center extraction unit, an information extraction ...
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    12. Associative memory processing method for natural language parsing and pattern recognition

      An associative memory processor architecture is disclosed for the fast and efficient execution of parsing algorithms for natural language processing and pattern recognition applications. The architecture consists of an associative memory unit for the storage of parsing state representations, a random access memory unit for the storage of the grammatical rules and other tables according to which the parsing is done, a finite state parsing control unit which embodies the chosen parsing algorithm, and a communications unit for communication with a host processor or external interface. The use of associative memory for the storage of parsing state representations allows the ...
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    13. Artificial intelligence language program

      A sentence entered by a user is translated into Esperanto. The translated sentence is then parsed and a series of propositions are generated. Each proposition consist of a subject, verb, and an optional object such as an adjective, noun, or prepositional phrase, if present. A series of propositional databases are used to relate the various propositions as to their function within the sentence, thereby mapping the thought of the sentence in a form recognizable by a machine.
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      Mentions: Esperanto
    14. Dictionary creation supporting system

      A dictionary creation supporting system capable of improving the efficiency of the dictionary creation process for the dictionary such as the user dictionary. In the system, a first language document and a corresponding second language document are entered, and each first language character string to be registered in the dictionary is extracted from the first language document. Then, each corresponding second language character string with respect to each first language character string is selectively extracted from the corresponding second language document according to a level of correspondence between a section of the first language document from which each first language ...
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    15. Method and apparatus for efficient morphological text analysis using a high-level language for compact specification of inflectional paradigms

      A language syntax defines statement forms for statements that describe the inflectional morphology of the natural language. A set of language statements that follow the language syntax to describe the inflectional morphology of the natural language is accepted as input into to a computer. Rule statements define a set of morpho-syntactic features corresponding to grammatical distinctions within the parts of speech categories in the natural language and define a set of inflectional morphological paradigms. The inflectional morphological paradigms include form rule statements to describe the construction of word forms and associate with each construction pre-selected morpho-syntactic features.
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    16. Apparatus and method for syntactic signal analysis

      An apparatus and method for syntactic signal analysis which is suitable for processing signals which deviate, within a freely selected margin, from a set of signals predetermined by a grammar, the apparatus being provided with a feature unification mechanism which detects violations of features, and an adaptive threshold mechanism coupled thereto. The feature unification mechanism, which processes the features in groups so that rapid processing is obtained, determines a violation score, thus providing a measure of the deviation of the analyzed signal from the set of signals predetermined by the grammar and indicates what elements of the signal are not ...
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    17. Word disambiguation apparatus and methods

      Apparatus and methods for determining whether a word/sense pair is proper for a context. Wide contexts (100 words) are employed for both training and testing, and testing is done by adding the weights of vocabulary words from the context. The weights are determined by Bayesian techniques which interpolate between the probability of occurrence of a vocabulary word in a conditional sample of the training text and the probability of its occurrence in the entire training text. A further improvement in testing takes advantage of the fact that a word is generally used in only a single sense in a ...
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    18. Machine translation and telecommunications system using user ID data to select dictionaries

      A machine translation and telecommunications system includes a machine translation engine for translation of input text from a source language to a target language, a dictionary database including a core dictionary and a plurality of sublanguage (domain) dictionaries usable for translation from a source to a target language, a receiving interface for receiving text input from any of a plurality of users, each text input being accompanied by control information including user ID data indicative of one or more sublanguages preferred by a particular user, an output interface, and a dictionary control module coupled to the receiving interface responsive to ...
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    19. Associative memory processor architecture for the efficient execution of parsing algorithms for natural language processing and pattern recognition

      An associative memory processor architecture is disclosed for the fast and efficient execution of parsing algorithms for natural language processing and pattern recognition applications. The architecture consists of an associative memory unit for the storage of parsing state representations, a random access memory unit for the storage of the grammatical rules and other tables according to which the parsing is done, a finite state parsing control unit which embodies the chosen parsing algorithm, and a communications unit for communication with a host processor or external interface. The use of associative memory for the storage of parsing state representations allows the ...
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    20. Machine translation and telecommunications system

      A machine translation and telecommunications system automatically translates input text in a source language to output text in a target language using a dictionary database (22) containing core language dictionaries for general words, a plurality of sublanguage dictionaries for specialized words of different domains or user groups, and a plurality of user dictionaries for individualized words used by different users. The system includes a receiving interface (11) for receiving input from a sender, in the form of electronic text, facsimile (graphics) input, or page image data, and an output module (30) for sending translated output text to any designated recipient ...
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    21. Method and apparatus for efficient morphological text analysis using a high-level language for compact specification of inflectional paradigms

      A language syntax defines statement forms for statements that describe the inflectional morphology of the natural language. A set of language statements that follow a language syntax to describe the inflectional morphology of the natural language is accepted as input into to a computer. Rule statements define a set of morpho-syntactic features corresponding to grammatical distinctions within the parts of speech categories in the natural language and define a set of inflectional morphological paradigms. The inflectional morphological paradigms include form rule statements to describe the construction of word forms and associate with each construction pre-selected morpho-syntactic features.
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    22. Natural language analyzing apparatus and method, and construction of a knowledge base for natural language analysis

      A system for resolving structural ambiguities in syntactic analysis of natural language, which ambiguities are caused by prepositional phrase attachment, relative clause attachment, and other modifier-modifiee relationships in sentences. The system uses instances of dependency (modification relationship) structures extracted from a terminology dictionary as a knowledge base. Structural ambiguity is represented by indicating that a word in a sentence has several words as candidate modifiees. The system resolves such ambiguity by 1) first searching the knowledge base, which contains dependency information in the form of tree structures, for dependencies between the word and each of its possible modifiees, 2) then ...
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    23. Multiple score language processing system

      A language processing system includes a mechanism for measuring the syntax trees of sentences of material to be translated and a mechanism for truncating syntax trees in response to the measuring mechanism. In a particular embodiment, a Score Function is provided for disambiguating or truncating ambiguities on the basis of composite scores, generated at different stages of the processing.
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    24. Method and apparatus for translating words in an artificial neural network

      An apparatus for translating original words in an original sentence into words in a translated sentence consists of a sentence structure analysis dictionary, a translation dictionary, an inflection dictionary, a knowledge dictionary, grammar dictionaries of original language and translated language, a translation unit, and a processing device with an artificial neural network in which an external input is provided one after another to each of the artificial neurons assigned the words of the translated language linguistically corresponding to the original words classified as polysemy and semantically corresponding to the original words classified as monosemy, the external input provided to each ...
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      Mentions: times
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