1. Articles in category: Parsing

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    1. Computer method for identifying predicate-argument structures in natural language text

      A computer method is disclosed for determining predicate-argument structures in input prose sentences of English. The input sentence, in the form of a string of words separated by blanks, is first analyzed (parsed) by a rule component that has access only to morphological and syntactic information about the words. The output of this rule component, in the form of a data structure consisting of attribute-value pairs, is then processed by the argument structure component, which consists of a set of partially ordered procedures that incorporate further linguistic knowledge. The output of these procedures is the same attribute-value structure, now enhanced ...
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    2. Natural language processing system

      A natural language arrangement includes stored grammatical rules each having a phrase structure part representing grammatical functions, a semantic part representing the manner of propagation from a superordinate category to a subordinate category, a condition part, and a message part that imposes limitations on a phrase structure rule using the subordinate category as a superordinate category. The grammatical rules are searched and interpreted to generate a phrase structure for a sentence from grammatical function information obtained by interpreting and applying the searched grammatical rules.
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    3. Data processing system implemented process and compiling technique for performing context-free parsing algorithm based on register vector grammar

      A context-free parsing algorithm employing register vector grammars provides fast parsing of natural languages. A compiler for register vector grammars accepts input grammars as standard phase structure rules and generates strongly equivalent grammars in register vector grammar form. By applying the context-free register vector grammar parsing algorithm to the resulting grammars, strings may be parsed and trees may be constructed in the same manner performed with phase structure grammar.
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    4. System and method for parsing natural language by unifying lexical features of words

      A method for parsing for natural languages includes a grammar and a lexicon. A knowledge base may be used to define elements in the lexicon. A processor receives single words input by a user and adds them to a sentence under construction. Valid next words are predicted after each received input word. The preferred system has two major components: a parser and a predictor. The predictor accesses only the lexicon and the knowledge base, if one is used, to determine the valid next input words. The parser constructs sentences which are valid according to the grammar out of words accepted ...
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    5. System and method for natural language parsing by initiating processing prior to entry of complete sentences

      A system and method for parsing natural language is provided. The system comprises a plurality of computer program code modules which address a plurality of predetermined lookup tables. Strings of characters, such as words, assigned one or more syntactical tags identifying the grammatical roles the strings can play are stored in a dictionary and retrieved as a system user inputs text to be processed. The tags are manipulated by a phrase parsing program module and translated into phrases according to grammatical rules stored in a lookup table. Sequences of the phrases corresponding to input sentences are maniplated by a sentence ...
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    6. Method and system for language translation

      A machine translation system capable of performing translation at a high processing speed with improved disambiguation rate in the parsing by applying grammar rules in dependence on the domains to which texts to be translated belong, objects of the texts and rules of sentences in the same text. The machine-translation system for translating a first language to a second language uses a grammer memory for storing grammar rules of the first or second language and a main memory for storing a variety of information, wherein the grammar rules stored in the grammar memory are prepared in groups at least on ...
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      Mentions: Tokyo
    7. Natural language processing system

      A natural language processing system for processing an original text by applying grammar rules, includes a grammar rule control table for holding information on applicability of the grammar rules to the original text, the information containing dictionary information associated with words appearing in the original text, and means for determining application or non-applicability application of each grammar rule based on the applicability information. The application conditions for applying each grammar rule are collectively evaluated or examined based on the information on the applicability of the grammar rules contained in the dictionary information and information on the text type, sentence type ...
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    8. Method and system for generating lexicon of cooccurrence relations in natural language

      A method and an apparatus for generating/maintaining automatically or interactively a lexicon for storing information of cooccurrence relations utilized for determining whether or not a sequence of words in a given sentence described in a natural language is semantically correct with the aid of a memory, a data processor and a textual sentence file. A hypothesized cooccurrence relation table for storing hypothesized cooccurrence relations each having a high probabliity of being a valid cooccurrence relation is prepared by consulting the file. A hypothesis for the cooccurrence relation is previously established on the basis of a cooccurrence relation pattern indicating ...
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    9. Natural language understanding system

      A hybrid natural language understanding (NLU) system which is particularly designed for processing natural language text. Primary functional components of the NLU system include a preprocessor; a word look-up and morphology module which communicates with a lexicon and a learning module; a syntactic parser which interfaces with an augmented transition network (ATN) grammar; a case frame applier, which converts the syntactic structure into canonical, semantic "case frames"; and a discourse analysis component which integrates explicit and implied information in the text into a conceptual structure which represents its meaning. This structure may be passed on to a knowledge based system ...
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    10. Natural-language interface generating system

      A system for interactively generating a natural-language input interface, without any computer-skill programming work being required. The natural-language menu interface thus generated provides a menu-selection technique whereby a totally unskilled computer user, who need not even be able to type, can access a relational or hierarchical database, without any possibility of error. That is, the user addresses commands to the database system simply by selecting words from an appropriate menu of words which could legally follow in commands, so that the user inputs commands which are phrased entirely in English, and these commands cannot be misunderstood by the database system ...
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