1. Articles in category: Semantic

    4009-4032 of 4040 « 1 2 ... 165 166 167 168 169 »
    1. Topological methods to organize semantic network data flows for conversational applications

      A system and methods for enforcing uniform branching of node-to-node inheritance links within semantic networks, to control data flows to and from such networks in conversational applications. Enforced uniform branching criteria converge the population of directly connected nodes of each node toward a small system-wide constant, and converge each sibling inheritance node to a similar level of abstractness, and are also used to select the best candidate tree from a set of competing representation trees within the semantic network. Uniform branching criteria are applied to competing trees for speech recognition, for object recognition in vision systems, for concept recognition in ...
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    2. Advanced web bookmark database system

      An advanced bookmark database system provides query, re-organization, information sharing, view, and access control capabilities to manage bookmarks. In one embodiment of the bookmark database system of the present invention, HTML document parsing, keyword extraction, and HTML/VRML document generation capabilities are provided, in addition to allowing comprehensive database query and navigation. The bookmark database system extracts document content semantics, intra-document structures, inter-document linkage, and useful metadata for users to allow query and organization based on various attributes, such as keywords, domains, and last visit times. Further, an access control capability allows sharing of bookmark databases among users. Multiple physical ...
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      Mentions: sub
    3. Categorization based text processing

      A rules based configurable system efficiently and effectively determines for a given electronically represented text document which linguistic analysis and extraction processes and which application specific processes should be invoked to provide more accurate answers to a user's query. In a rules based classifier, where each category or topic is represented by a set of rules, in an application such as routing, the categorization effecting the routing can be effectively combined with processes extracting other information. This may be in the form of a prompt for the user to input additional information.
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      Mentions: London McLean Editors
    4. Fact recognition system

      In accordance with methods and systems consistent with the present invention, an improved fact recognition system is provided that automatically learns from syntactic language examples and semantic language examples, thus facilitating development of the system. The language examples are rather simplistic and can be provided by a lay person with little training, thus relieving the need for knowledge engineers. Furthermore, the learning performed by the improved fact recognition system results in a collection of probabilities that is used by the system to recognize facts in a typically more accurate manner than conventional systems.
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    5. Methods and apparatus for using task models to help computer users complete tasks

      Methods and apparatus for analyzing tasks performed by computer users by (i) gathering usage data, (ii) converting logged usage data into a uniform format, (iii) determining or defining task boundaries, and (iv) determining a task analysis model by "clustering" similar tasks together. The task analysis model may be used to (i) help users complete a task (such help, for example, may be in the form of a gratuitous help function), and/or (ii) to target marketing information to users based on user inputs and the task analysis model. The present invention also provides a uniform semantic network for representing different ...
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    6. Probabilistic system for natural language processing

      A natural language understanding system is described to provide generation of concept codes from free-text medical data. A probabilistic model of lexical semantics, is implemented by means of a Bayesian network, and is used to determine the most probable concept or meaning associated with a sentence or phrase. The inventive method and system includes the steps of checking for synonyms, checking spelling, performing syntactic parsing, transforming text to its "deep" or semantic form, and performing a semantic analysis based on a probabilistic model of lexical semantics.
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    7. Meaning-based information organization and retrieval

      The present invention relies on the idea of a meaning-based search, allowing users to locate information that is close in meaning to the concepts they are searching. A semantic space is created by a lexicon of concepts and relations between concepts. A query is mapped to a first meaning differentiator, representing the location of the query in the semantic space. Similarly, each data element in the target data set being searched is mapped to a second meaning differentiator, representing the location of the data element in the semantic space. Searching is accomplished by determining a semantic distance between the first ...
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    8. Type-based selection of rules for semantically disambiguating words

      In semantically disambiguating words, where more than one disambiguation applies to the context in which a word occurs, a rule can be selected based on the type of information from which it was obtained. The rules can be derived from different types of information in a corpus such as a dictionary, and rules can be selected in accordance with a prioritization of the types of information.
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    9. Methods for analysis and evaluation of the semantic content of a writing based on vector length

      The present invention is a methodology for analyzing and evaluating a sample text, such as essay(s), or document(s). This methodology compares sample text to a reference essay(s), document(s), or text segment(s) within a reference essay or document. The methodology analyzes the amount of subject-matter information in the sample text, analyzes the relevance of subject matter information in the sample and evaluates the semantic coherence of the sample. This methodology presumes there is an underlying, latent semantic structure in the usage of words. The method parses and stores text objects and text segments from the sample ...
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    10. Method and system for providing information in response to questions

      An apparatus and a system to teach a user a subject based on his questions. The system allows the user to control his learning process, and helps to fill in gaps of misunderstanding in the subject. In one embodiment, the system, including a database, presents study materials on the subject to the user. After working on the presented materials, the user enters his question into the system, which generates an answer to the question, and presents it to him. Then the system compares the question with one or more questions previously entered by the user to determine his understanding level ...
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    11. Probabilistic method for natural language processing and for encoding free-text data into a medical database by utilizing a Bayesian network to perform spell checking of words

      A natural language understanding system is described which provides for the generation of concept codes from free-text medical data. A probabilistic model of lexical semantics, in the preferred embodiment of the invention implemented by means of a Bayesian network, is used to determine the most probable concept or meaning associated with a sentence or phrase. The inventive method and system includes the steps of checking for synonyms, checking spelling, performing syntactic parsing, transforming text to its "deep" or semantic form, and performing a semantic analysis based on a probabilistic model of lexical semantics. In the preferred embodiment of the invention ...
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    12. Method of and system for disambiguating syntactic word multiples

      A method and system are provided for disambiguating multiples of syntactically related words automatically using the notion of semantic similarity between words. Based on syntactically related words derived from a sample text, a set is formed containing each associating word and the words associated in the syntactic relationship with it. The associating words are expanded to all word senses. Pair wise intersections of the resulting sets are formed so as to form pairs of semantically compatible word clusters which may be stored as pairs of cooccurrence restriction codes.
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    13. Method, apparatus, and computer readable medium for performing semantic analysis and generating a semantic structure having linked frames

      A method for performing a semantic analysis process on a computer system including a storage unit and an interface includes the steps of: receiving a syntactic tree generated from a natural language sentence text; determining whether an analysis object, which is one of nodes of the syntactic tree, is a verb phrase class which has a verb as a head or a non-verb phrase class which has mainly a noun as the head on the basis of subdivided type information of a phrase of the node with reference to first data stored in the storage unit; analyzing a relation between ...
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      Mentions: Tokyo
    14. Software upgrades by conversion automation

      A semantic-based system is provided to upgrade software written in a high level language of the kind having a type system and being statically compiled in compilers which check types and usages at compile time. The system employs conversion declarations which are inserted into the source code of the software and executed by the compiler. These declarations comprise a list of substitutable parts, with each substitutable part having a list of properties, a set of semantic patterns to be matched using the substitutable parts, and a result pattern showing what will be substituted for each matching portion of source code.
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    15. Inferring semantic relations

      The present invention provides a facility for determining, for a semantic relation that does not occur in a lexical knowledge base, whether this semantic relation should be inferred despite its absence from the lexical knowledge base. This semantic relation to be inferred is preferably made up of a first word, a second word, and a relation type relating the meanings of the first and second words. In a preferred embodiment, the facility identifies a salient semantic relation having the relation type of the semantic relation to be inferred and relating the first word to an intermediate word other than the ...
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      Mentions: Inventiona
    16. Automatically recognizing the discourse structure of a body of text

      The present invention is directed to recognizing a discourse structure of a body of text. In a preferred embodiment, a discourse structure recognition facility utilizes syntactic information associated with the body of text to generate a discourse structure tree that characterizes the discourse structure of the body of text. The facility first identifies in the body of text a number of clauses. The facility then determines, for each distinct pair of clauses, which of a number of possible discourse relations should be hypothesized between the pair of clauses, based on the syntactic structure and semantic of the body of text ...
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    17. Determining similarity between words

      The present invention provides a facility for determining similarity between two input words utilizing the frequencies with which path patterns occurring between the words occur between words known to be synonyms. A preferred embodiment of the facility utilizes a training phase and a similarity determination phase. In the training phase, the facility first identifies, for a number of pairs of synonyms, the most salient semantic relation paths between each pair of synonyms. The facility then extracts from these semantic relation paths their path patterns, which each comprise a series of directional relation types. The number of times that each path ...
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      Mentions: Inventiona
    18. Identifying salient semantic relation paths between two words

      The present invention identifies salient semantic relation paths between two words using a knowledge base. For a group of semantic relations occurring in the knowledge base, the facility models with a mathematical function the relation between a frequency of occurrence of unique semantic relations and the number of unique semantic relations that occur at that frequency. This mathematical function has a vertex frequency identifying a transition point in the mathematical function. The facility then determines the level of salience of unique semantic relations of the group such that the level of salience of unique semantic relations increases with the frequency ...
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      Mentions: Inventiona
    19. Statistical natural language understanding using hidden clumpings

      The invention proposes using statistical methods to do natural language understanding. The key notion is that there are "strings" of words in the natural language, that correspond to a single semantic concept. One can then define an alignment between an entire semantic meaning (consisting of a set of semantic concepts), and the English. This is modeled using P(E,A.vertline.S). One can model p(S) separately. This allows each parameter to be modeled using many different statistical models.
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    20. Method and system for computing semantic logical forms from syntax trees

      Methods and computer systems for semantically analyzing natural language sentences. The natural language processing subsystems for morphological and syntactic analysis transform an input sentence into a syntax parse tree. Semantic analysis applies three sets of semantic rules to create a skeletal logical form graph from a syntax parse tree. Semantic analysis then applies two additional sets of semantic rules to provide semantically meaningful labels for the links of the logical form graph, to create additional logical form graph nodes for missing elements, and to unify redundant elements. The final logical form graph represents the complete semantic analysis of an input ...
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    21. Method to quantify abstraction within semantic networks

      A computer implemented conversational method to parse meaning from input sequences of symbols, using a large dictionary stored in a semantic network, where thousands of dictionary entries for symbols are stored as nodes connected by inheritance links. Input symbols are matched to dictionary entries, with priority given to entries which cover a range of concreteness similar to the range covered by the dictionary. Ranges of concreteness which are missing are identified and reported back to the user. Concreteness of each entry is quantified from topology of inheritance links; quantification is done automatically when defining meanings by inheritance. As network topology ...
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    4009-4032 of 4040 « 1 2 ... 165 166 167 168 169 »
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