1. Articles in category: Summarization

    1825-1848 of 1912 « 1 2 ... 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 »
    1. Method and apparatus for processing natural language

      A method and apparatus for processing natural language and deducing meaning from a natural language input characterized by the steps of (a) receiving an ordered string of word objects having a natural language meaning, (b) selecting a word window length, and (c) successively moving the word window along the ordered string and analyzing the meaning of a substring of word objects that fall within the word window. The substring is removed from the ordered string if the substring has a recognized meaning, until all substrings of the ordered string that fit within the window have been analyzed. In a step ...
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    2. Text editing apparatus for rearranging sentences

      The present invention provides a text editing support apparatus in which constituents of text and connective relationships among the constituents are received as inputs. The constituents and the connective relationships among the constituents are held within the apparatus, along with rules on the connective relationships among the constituents. The connection rules are applied to the held constituents to form text. The result of text formation obtained by applying the connection rules is displayed.
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      Mentions: Fuji Xerox
    3. Apparatus and method for retrieving and grouping images representing text files based on the relevance of key words extracted from a selected file to the text files

      An apparatus for searching and retrieving files in a database without a user being required to provide keywords or query terms. A user first selects and opens a reference file. A natural language recognition algorithm is used to determine the subject words of the selected file. Next, a statistical comparison between the subject words and the contents of files in a database is performed. Based on the statistical comparison, files are assigned weighted relevancies. Relevant files are prioritized and displayed to the user in groups. The groups are formed based on the retrieved files relevance to specific subject works of ...
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    4. Artificial intelligence language program

      A sentence entered by a user is translated into Esperanto. The translated sentence is then parsed and a series of propositions are generated. Each proposition consist of a subject, verb, and an optional object such as an adjective, noun, or prepositional phrase, if present. A series of propositional databases are used to relate the various propositions as to their function within the sentence, thereby mapping the thought of the sentence in a form recognizable by a machine.
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      Mentions: Esperanto
    5. Dictionary creation supporting system

      A dictionary creation supporting system capable of improving the efficiency of the dictionary creation process for the dictionary such as the user dictionary. In the system, a first language document and a corresponding second language document are entered, and each first language character string to be registered in the dictionary is extracted from the first language document. Then, each corresponding second language character string with respect to each first language character string is selectively extracted from the corresponding second language document according to a level of correspondence between a section of the first language document from which each first language ...
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    6. Control apparatus for electronic equipment

      An instruction for operation mode control of a VTR 40 and information on the video recording reservation is voice inputted. The voice input is recognized by a voice recognition circuit 13 and is fed to a control circuit 15. The control circuit 15 controls the VTR 40 in response to the instruction or information of the voice input and causes an animation character generating circuit 16 to generate a video image of an animation character AC for displaying it on the screen of a CRT display 30. A message from the animation character AC is voice synthesized in a voice ...
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      Mentions: Voice
    7. Method and apparatus for efficient morphological text analysis using a high-level language for compact specification of inflectional paradigms

      A language syntax defines statement forms for statements that describe the inflectional morphology of the natural language. A set of language statements that follow the language syntax to describe the inflectional morphology of the natural language is accepted as input into to a computer. Rule statements define a set of morpho-syntactic features corresponding to grammatical distinctions within the parts of speech categories in the natural language and define a set of inflectional morphological paradigms. The inflectional morphological paradigms include form rule statements to describe the construction of word forms and associate with each construction pre-selected morpho-syntactic features.
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    8. Computer system and method for converting a conversational statement to computer command language

      An input device (12) receives a natural language or conversational statement in the form of a character string (1). A processor (14) performs a natural language analysis (2) to convert the input natural language into a command language instruction for a computer program. A morphological analysis (3) compares words of the input character string with contents of a dictionary (10) to convert the input words into preselected words indicated by the dictionary which are output as another character string. In a semantic or syntax analysis (4; FIG. 9), one of the inputted and another character strings are analyzed to generate ...
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    9. Apparatus and method for syntactic signal analysis

      An apparatus and method for syntactic signal analysis which is suitable for processing signals which deviate, within a freely selected margin, from a set of signals predetermined by a grammar, the apparatus being provided with a feature unification mechanism which detects violations of features, and an adaptive threshold mechanism coupled thereto. The feature unification mechanism, which processes the features in groups so that rapid processing is obtained, determines a violation score, thus providing a measure of the deviation of the analyzed signal from the set of signals predetermined by the grammar and indicates what elements of the signal are not ...
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    10. System for correcting grammer based parts on speech probability

      In a grammar checking system in which a sentence is first tagged as to parts of speech, the probability of the sequence of the parts of speech being correct is utilized to correct improper use of troublesome words, especially those identical sounding words which are spelled differently. The system corrects word usage based not on the probability of the entire sentence being correct but rather on the probability of the sequence of the parts of speech being correct. As part of the subject invention, the parts of speech sequence probability is utilized in part of speech sequence verification, underlying spelling ...
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    11. Enhanced apparatus and methods for retrieving and selecting profiled textural information records from a database of defined category structures

      A method for extracting a preferred set of textual records from a database includes the following features. Priority values are assigned to each of a plurality of predefined category structures. Textual records are assigned a relevance value with respect to each category structure. If a record's relevance value exceeds a predetermined threshold value, that record is associated with the category structure. Each category has a list of associated textual records which are retrieved. Textual records are selected from the set of retrieved textual records and assembled into a set. Information on how the subscriber uses the set is gathered ...
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    12. System for correcting auxiliary verb sequences

      In a grammar checking system which includes first tagging a sentence as to parts of speech, a module is provided for correcting incorrect auxiliary verb sequences involving two or more verbs by first detecting the starting and ending points of the error and then correcting the indicated verbs through the utilization of a directed acyclic graph containing the set of correct auxiliary verb sequences constructed for all possible such sequences. Thereafter, a further directed graph functions as a finite state transducer for proposing corrections for incorrect auxiliary verb sequences as determined by the aforementioned acyclic graph of incorrect verb sequences.
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    13. Learning of associative memory in form of neural network suitable for connectionist model

      The learning of an associative memory suitable for the connectionist model which can deal with the patterns having the non-random frequencies of the appearances or the non-random correlations. In this invention, the learning of the associative memory in a form of a neural network, in which a plurality of nodes having activation values are connected by a plurality of links having link weight values, is achieved by entering a plurality of learning patterns sequentially, where each learning pattern has a plurality of elements in correspondence with the nodes, calculating an energy E of the entered learning pattern, determining a learning ...
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    14. Word inflection correction system

      In a grammar checking system which includes first tagging a sentence as to parts of speech and recovery of underlying spellings, a system for the correction of inflections includes identifying typical example of words which do not follow normal rules either as to pluralization, past tense, past participle, comparative formation and superlative formation, with this unique list of incorrect words forming the basis for suggesting suitable replacement words the system first performs a conventional spell check to detect mispellings by dictionary lookup system. Thereafter correct words are suggested based on an English dictionary and on the root forms and the ...
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    15. Method for extracting from a text corpus answers to questions stated in natural language by using linguistic analysis and hypothesis generation

      A computerized method for organizing information retrieval based on the content of a set of primary documents. The method generates answer hypotheses based on text found in the primary documents and, typically, a natural-language input string such as a question. The answer hypotheses can include phrases or words not present in the input string. Answer hypotheses are verified and ranked based on their verification evidence. A text corpus can be queried to provide verification evidence not present in the primary documents. In another aspect the method is implemented in the context of a larger two-phase method, of which the first ...
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    16. Method of processing signals within a neural network to position arobot

      A signal processing method for efficiently searching an optimum solution in a neural network by including a term of a nonlinear resistance in an equation of motion and changing such nonlinear resistance periodically. According to the method, the range of absolute values of connection weights between units in the neural network is limited by the equation of motion, hence preventing a prolonged search time that may otherwise be caused by excessive extension of the search scope beyond the requisite. A plurality of patterns are previously embedded or stored in the neural network and, upon input of a predetermined key pattern ...
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      Mentions: Berlin
    17. Method for extracting open-issue data from textual specifications using natural language text processing

      A method for extracting open-issue data from a textual specification using a computer is disclosed. The method includes searching for predetermined trigger token morphemes in an enhanced text corpus based upon the textual specification and constituted of respective enhanced sentences so as to electronically mark respective ones of the enhanced sentences based upon the presence of predetermined trigger token morphemes. Linguistic analysis can then be executed upon each remaining unmarked sentences to detect an interrogatory construct in respective ones of the remaining sentences. Sentences marked based either upon the presence of the trigger token morpheme or upon the presence of ...
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      Mentions: Sun Workstation
    18. Semantic co-occurrence filtering for speech recognition and signal transcription applications

      A system and method for automatically transcribing an input question from a form convenient for user input into a form suitable for use by a computer. The question is a sequence of words represented in a form convenient for the user, such as a spoken utterance or a handwritten phrase. The question is transduced into a signal that is converted into a sequence of symbols. A set of hypotheses is generated from the sequence of symbols. The hypotheses are sequences of words represented in a form suitable for use by the computer, such as text. One or more information retrieval ...
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    19. Generation, archiving, and retrieval of digital images with evoked suggestion-set captions and natural language interface

      Digitized images are associated with English language captions and other data, collectively known as the metadata associated with the images. A natural language processing database removes ambiguities from the metadata, and the images and the metadata are stored in databases. A user formulates a search query, and natural language processing is used to determine matches between the query and the stored metadata. Images corresponding to the matches are then viewed, and desired images are selected for licensing. The license terms for selected images are displayed, and a subset of the selected images are ordered as desired by the user.
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    20. System for underlying spelling recovery

      In a grammar checking system which includes first tagging a sentence as to parts of speech, underlying spelling is recovered by removing the effects of capitalization of a word so that appropriate inflection and or spelling can be suggested by the system. In order to determine the underlying spelling the system determines whether a noun is a proper noun through the utilization of a part of speech tagger and the utilization of part of speech trigram probabilities, with capitalized and uncapitalized versions of the word having different trigram probabilities. The system also establishes whether a word is an ordinary word ...
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    21. Boundary extracting system from a sentence

      The present invention extracts boundaries from a sentence with no need for linguistic knowledge or complicated grammatical rules. Upon extracting a clause/phrase boundary, words are classified according to part-of-speech numbers of words which form inputted sentence information. Then, an input pattern representing part-of-speech numbers of a target word is checked to determine whether a clause/phrase boundary exists before or after the target word; a plurality of words before and after the target words is then applied to a neural network. Among units in the output layer of the neural network, a unit having the output larger than a ...
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    22. System for correcting improper determiners

      In a grammar checking system which includes first tagging a sentence as to parts of speech, an improper determiner correction module detects improper referents of a noun phrase and suggests insertion of a determiner should one be necessary or the deletion of an improper determiner. To detect improper use of a determiner, parts of speech tags are utilized to characterize a sentence, thus to identify noun phrases by maximally matching a pattern that defines which sequences of parts of speech tags constitute valid noun phrases. This is accomplished by identifying the start of the noun phrase and its end to ...
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    23. Method and apparatus for efficient morphological text analysis using a high-level language for compact specification of inflectional paradigms

      A language syntax defines statement forms for statements that describe the inflectional morphology of the natural language. A set of language statements that follow a language syntax to describe the inflectional morphology of the natural language is accepted as input into to a computer. Rule statements define a set of morpho-syntactic features corresponding to grammatical distinctions within the parts of speech categories in the natural language and define a set of inflectional morphological paradigms. The inflectional morphological paradigms include form rule statements to describe the construction of word forms and associate with each construction pre-selected morpho-syntactic features.
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    24. Recognition training system

      The Recognition Training System (RTS) incorporates a new and innovative process which facilitates the training of a person to rapidly and accurately distinguish between members of a set of entities, through the trainee interacting with RTS. The methodology of RTS involves the presentation of one or more attributes associated with an entity, while the trainee attempts to identify by name the entity, or the trainee may request that specific entities and associated attributes be shown for reference purposes. RTS supports an interactive training process which is almost completely self directed and affords a trainee an opportunity to make distinctions between ...
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    1825-1848 of 1912 « 1 2 ... 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 »
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