1. Articles in category: Summarization

    1873-1896 of 1943 « 1 2 ... 76 77 78 79 80 81 »
    1. Semantic co-occurrence filtering for speech recognition and signal transcription applications

      A system and method for automatically transcribing an input question from a form convenient for user input into a form suitable for use by a computer. The question is a sequence of words represented in a form convenient for the user, such as a spoken utterance or a handwritten phrase. The question is transduced into a signal that is converted into a sequence of symbols. A set of hypotheses is generated from the sequence of symbols. The hypotheses are sequences of words represented in a form suitable for use by the computer, such as text. One or more information retrieval ...
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    2. Generation, archiving, and retrieval of digital images with evoked suggestion-set captions and natural language interface

      Digitized images are associated with English language captions and other data, collectively known as the metadata associated with the images. A natural language processing database removes ambiguities from the metadata, and the images and the metadata are stored in databases. A user formulates a search query, and natural language processing is used to determine matches between the query and the stored metadata. Images corresponding to the matches are then viewed, and desired images are selected for licensing. The license terms for selected images are displayed, and a subset of the selected images are ordered as desired by the user.
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    3. System for underlying spelling recovery

      In a grammar checking system which includes first tagging a sentence as to parts of speech, underlying spelling is recovered by removing the effects of capitalization of a word so that appropriate inflection and or spelling can be suggested by the system. In order to determine the underlying spelling the system determines whether a noun is a proper noun through the utilization of a part of speech tagger and the utilization of part of speech trigram probabilities, with capitalized and uncapitalized versions of the word having different trigram probabilities. The system also establishes whether a word is an ordinary word ...
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    4. Boundary extracting system from a sentence

      The present invention extracts boundaries from a sentence with no need for linguistic knowledge or complicated grammatical rules. Upon extracting a clause/phrase boundary, words are classified according to part-of-speech numbers of words which form inputted sentence information. Then, an input pattern representing part-of-speech numbers of a target word is checked to determine whether a clause/phrase boundary exists before or after the target word; a plurality of words before and after the target words is then applied to a neural network. Among units in the output layer of the neural network, a unit having the output larger than a ...
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    5. System for correcting improper determiners

      In a grammar checking system which includes first tagging a sentence as to parts of speech, an improper determiner correction module detects improper referents of a noun phrase and suggests insertion of a determiner should one be necessary or the deletion of an improper determiner. To detect improper use of a determiner, parts of speech tags are utilized to characterize a sentence, thus to identify noun phrases by maximally matching a pattern that defines which sequences of parts of speech tags constitute valid noun phrases. This is accomplished by identifying the start of the noun phrase and its end to ...
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    6. Method and apparatus for efficient morphological text analysis using a high-level language for compact specification of inflectional paradigms

      A language syntax defines statement forms for statements that describe the inflectional morphology of the natural language. A set of language statements that follow a language syntax to describe the inflectional morphology of the natural language is accepted as input into to a computer. Rule statements define a set of morpho-syntactic features corresponding to grammatical distinctions within the parts of speech categories in the natural language and define a set of inflectional morphological paradigms. The inflectional morphological paradigms include form rule statements to describe the construction of word forms and associate with each construction pre-selected morpho-syntactic features.
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    7. Recognition training system

      The Recognition Training System (RTS) incorporates a new and innovative process which facilitates the training of a person to rapidly and accurately distinguish between members of a set of entities, through the trainee interacting with RTS. The methodology of RTS involves the presentation of one or more attributes associated with an entity, while the trainee attempts to identify by name the entity, or the trainee may request that specific entities and associated attributes be shown for reference purposes. RTS supports an interactive training process which is almost completely self directed and affords a trainee an opportunity to make distinctions between ...
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    8. Consumer-initiated, automatic classified expenditure bank check system

      This is a uniquely designed bank check which integrates the classification grid of expenditures for any household or business; whereupon the payer of the check initially marks only one applicable space from said grid; whereupon the payer's processor utilizes the image-captured, relevant information from the check; whereupon the payer's processor forwards said information, automatically produces a finalized financial report, and sends it to the payer of the check at the end of any monthly/annual check processing cycle.
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      Mentions: Transaction Thomson
    9. Natural language analyzing apparatus and method, and construction of a knowledge base for natural language analysis

      A system for resolving structural ambiguities in syntactic analysis of natural language, which ambiguities are caused by prepositional phrase attachment, relative clause attachment, and other modifier-modifiee relationships in sentences. The system uses instances of dependency (modification relationship) structures extracted from a terminology dictionary as a knowledge base. Structural ambiguity is represented by indicating that a word in a sentence has several words as candidate modifiees. The system resolves such ambiguity by 1) first searching the knowledge base, which contains dependency information in the form of tree structures, for dependencies between the word and each of its possible modifiees, 2) then ...
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    10. Multiple score language processing system

      A language processing system includes a mechanism for measuring the syntax trees of sentences of material to be translated and a mechanism for truncating syntax trees in response to the measuring mechanism. In a particular embodiment, a Score Function is provided for disambiguating or truncating ambiguities on the basis of composite scores, generated at different stages of the processing.
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    11. Building and updating of co-occurrence dictionary and analyzing of co-occurrence and meaning

      A co-occurrence dictionary is built through a process for calculating three kinds of co-occurrence information and a real number vector corresponding to each category. The co-occurrence dictionary is updated through a process for selecting the opposite phrase of the co-occurrence for the additional co-occurrence information and a process for calculating a real number vector corresponding to an additional word on the basis of the additional co-occurrence information. A co-occurrence analysis is effected through a process for calculating in real number the degree of the co-occurrence on the basis of the real number vectors corresponding to two categories to be checked ...
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      Mentions: Japan
    12. Method and apparatus for summarizing documents according to theme

      A summary is automatically formed by selecting regions of a document. Each selected region includes at least two members of a seed list. The seed list is formed from a predetermined number of the most frequently occurring complex expressions in the document that are not on a stop list. If the summary is too long, the region-selection process is performed on the summary to produce a shorter summary. This region-selection process is repeated until a summary is produced having a desired length. Each time the region selection process is repeated, the seed list members are added to the stop list ...
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      Mentions: Salton
    13. Constrained natural language interface for a computer that employs a browse function

      A computer includes a data/knowledge base with a plurality of entries and further employs a user/computer interface for responding to a natural language form input. The interface, in combination with the computer, provides a help function that includes a browse search capability that responds to the natural language-form input by responding with matching knowledge base data. The method includes the steps of: parsing a user's natural language input into a case frame structure; filtering the case frame structure into a goal-expression that comprises a verb and remaining syntactical portions of the natural language input; providing each data ...
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    14. Software work tool

      A software work tool used in an information processor and realizing a general purpose software work tool capable of automatically performing a software operation based on the information regarding a program. The software work tool comprises a software operator for operating a program or data, a work knowledge storer for storing as a work knowledge the information for an operation by the software operator, a communicator for externally transmitting communication information including a work request or a work report, and a controller for controlling, based on the work knowledge stored in a work knowledge storer, the software operator, the work ...
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      Mentions: Drawingsa
    15. Constrained natural language interface for a computer system

      A user/computer interface is described that employ a constrained natural language-form input. The computer employs a feedback method to reinforce a user's confidence and knowledge that the computer comprehends a query or instruction. The user interface initially parses a user's natural language-form input into a case frame. The case frame is then filtered into a goal-expression that comprises a verb and remaining syntactical portions of the input query/instruction. The system then paraphrases the goal-expression into constrained natural language-form and communicates the paraphrase to the user for confirmation that the computer system has correctly interpreted the user ...
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    16. System and method for converting sentence elements unrecognizable by a computer system into base language elements recognizable by the computer system

      A system and method for converting inoperative sentence elements into operative elements in which a set of grammar rules for substituting sentence elements with different elements is established. A sequential comparison between each grammar rule and the sentence elements is then accomplished to find a match between a grammar rule and one or more contiguous sentence elements. A substitution of the matched element for the different elements from the grammar rule is then accomplished. Such sequential comparison and substitution is continued for the entire series of sentence elements to fully convert the sentence to operative elements.
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    17. Interactive language conversion system

      A language conversion system includes a database of expression patterns in the object language, a relevance evaluation mechanism for evaluating a relevance of each expression patterns in the object language with respect to an input in the original language, a retrieval and identification mechanism for retrieving and identifying from the input in the original language information requested by the expression pattern in the object language required to generate an output in the object language, a selection mechanism for selecting the expression pattern in the object language conforming to the input in the original language depending on the relevance evaluated in ...
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    18. Method for natural language data processing using morphological and part-of-speech information

      An enhancement and retrieval method for natural language data using a computer is disclosed. The method includes executing linguistic analysis upon a text corpus file to derive morphological, part-of-speech information as well as lexical variants corresponding to respective corpus words. The derived linguistic information is then used to construct an enhanced text corpus file. A query text file is linguistically analyzed to construct a plurality of trigger token morphemes which are then used to construct a search mask stream which is correlated with the enhanced text corpus file. A match between the search mask stream and the enhanced corpus file ...
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    19. Method and system for processing natural language

      The invention is featured in that the natural language process can be made in a way that a chained functions structure expressing relationships among concepts of elements of the natural language constructing the character strings is generated, a rule table which stores in advance rules of association relationship between the chained functions structure and form of a command language which the processor system can execute is looked up, the generated chained functions structure is converted to a form which the process can be executed, and the command language are obtained as results of the analysis by incorporating the information as ...
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    20. Method for document retrieval and for word sense disambiguation using neural networks

      A method for storing and searching documents also useful in disambiguating word senses and a method for generating a dictionary of context vectors. The dictionary of context vectors provides a context vector for each word stem in the dictionary. A context vector is a fixed length list of component values corresponding to a list of word-based features, the component values being an approximate measure of the conceptual relationship between the word stem and the word-based feature. Documents are stored by combining the context vectors of the words remaining in the document after uninteresting words are removed. The summary vector obtained ...
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    21. Natural language processing system and method for parsing a plurality of input symbol sequences into syntactically or pragmatically correct word messages

      A Natural Language Processing System utilizes a symbol parsing layer in combination with an intelligent word parsing layer to produce a syntactically or pragmatically correct output sentence or other word message. Initially, a plurality of polysemic symbol sequences are input through a keyboard segmented into a plurality of semantic, syntactic, or pragmatic segments including agent, action and patient segments, for example. One polysemic symbol sequence, including a plurality of polysemic symbols, is input from each of the three segments of the keyboard. A symbol parsing device, in a symbol parsing layer, then parses each of the plurality of symbols in ...
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    22. Molecular natural language processing system

      A natural language processing system for processing digitally encoded text by utilizing a "molecular" method. This method combines words into sentences like atoms combine to form molecules. Each word in the language is treated like an atom which has particular attributes and binding characteristics. By verifying if these binding characteristics have been satisfied, it can be determined if a set of words can follow each other to form sentences of the language.
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      Mentions: Russian
    23. Method and apparatus for speech processing using morphology and rhyming

      A method and apparatus for natural language processing using morphology and rhyming. The method and apparatus employ a hybrid of dictionary and rule-based approaches for both speech and speech recognition. In an illustrative embodiment of the present invention the pronunciation of a word is determined by rhyming the word, or components of the word, with a reference word, or components of the reference word. In another illustrative embodiment of the present invention, the spelling of a word is determined by rhyming the word, or components of the word, with a reference word, or components of the reference word.
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    24. Knowledge information processing system

      A system capable of automatically generating an answer in response to a query or an instruction such as a letter writing instruction input to the system in the form of a natural language. The system understands the goal of the natural language input and retrieves information from knowledge bases to formulate a plan and an action for achieving the goal.
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    1873-1896 of 1943 « 1 2 ... 76 77 78 79 80 81 »
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