1. Articles in category: Summarization

    1897-1920 of 1937 « 1 2 ... 77 78 79 80 81 »
    1. Apparatus and method for femoral venous cannulation

      A guide for assisting in the cannulation of a patient comprising a flexible, tubular body having a hollow interior, a proximate end, and a distal end. The proximate end has an opening in communication with the hollow interior of the tubular body, and the distal end has a rounded, reinforced tip with a passageway therethrough which is in communication with the hollow interior. The guide is inserted and advanced to a position desired by the surgeon within a vein or artery, and then a cannula is threaded over the guide and advanced to the desired position before the guide is ...
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      Mentions: PVC
    2. Pivotal hand tool and pivot joint therefor

      A pivotal hand tool includes first and second lever members which intersect and have aligned openings therethrough in which is received a pivot pin having an enlarged head at one end adjacent to one of the lever members and having the other end thereof welded to the other lever member or to a flat washer which bears against the other lever member. The head and the flat washer may be received in complementary recesses in the lever members. A frustoconical washer may be disposed beneath the head of the pivot pin for resiliently urging the lever members together.
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    3. Litter box

      A portable litter box for a cat or other domesticated animal comprises a housing having upper and lower sections detachably securable to provide a substantially closed container. The sections are stackable or nestable for storage, shipping and/or display. Preferably, the upper section includes an opening for ingress and egress to the housing and a carrying handle for the box as well as means for holding a freshener; the lower section may include skid resistant feet. Pins are provided for detachably securing the sections together in assembly.
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    4. Rotary ball joint having a plurality of force transmitting balls providing connection between the inner and outer members

      A rotary ball joint, especially for angularly movable driveshafts for motor vehicles, has an outer joint member (11) with ball tracks (18) uniformly distributed on its inner circumference and an inner joint member (12) non-rotatingly connected to the outer joint member (11). The inner joint member (12) includes ball sockets (13) which correspond to the ball tracks of the outer joint members (11). The ball sockets comprise spherical inner faces and, via the balls (14) supported therein, establish a form-fitting connection between the inner joint member (12) and the outer joint member (11). A plurality of bearing balls (15) are ...
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    5. Bipolar biopsy device utilizing a rotatable, single-hinged moving element

      A bipolar biopsy device for removing tissue samples for biopsy purposes or other purposes. The bipolar biopsy device has an elongated flexible end and a lumen extending therebetween. A cutting head is mounted on the distal end and has a hollow fixed member containing an electrode having an electrical surface thereon and a hollow cup-shaped moveable relative to the fixed member. The electrode surfaces are electrically connected to an outside voltage source. A handle is affixed to the proximal end and a core wire is affixed to the handle which extends through the lumen and is affixed to the movable ...
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      Mentions: RTM
    6. Computer assisted learning support system and processing method therefor

      A computer assisted learning support system includes a storage for storing therein blocks of the teaching material respectively assigned with teaching material identifiers, the blocks being attained by subdividing the teaching material according to contents thereof, and link information which represents by a pair of identifiers of a teaching material a relationship between blocks of the teaching material, a display for presenting, in a change-over manner, a screen image of the blocks of the teaching material and a screen image of the contents of the blocks of the teaching material and the link information of the blocks, an input device ...
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    7. Computer aided text generation method and system

      A computer aided text generation system and method provides functions of aiding a logical outline structure of a text, aiding the text generation using a conventional expression, aiding the text generation without using conventional expression, aiding the refinement of the generated text and aiding the collection of illustrative sentences. The present system permits generation of a finished text of high quality.
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      Mentions: Japan
    8. Method and apparatus for classifying text

      The present invention provides a method and apparatus for classifying text by using two constants determined by analyzing the text. The first constant, G, classifies text in the order of constraint. It is defined by the equation G=log (N/L)/ {log(N)-1}, where N is the number of words and L is the number of different words in the text being classified. The second constant, R, is the correlation coefficient between the word length and the logarithm scaled rank order of word frequency. The values of the two constants can be used to determine how to classify text ...
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      Mentions: Japan Microsoft Ricoh
    9. Method and apparatus for generating and/or updating cooccurrence relation dictionary

      A method of and an apparatus for generating and/or updating a cooccurrence relation dictionary in a natural language processing system such as a machine translation system including an input/output device, a memory for storing therein dictionary information, and a processor for processing an input sentence by use of the dictionary information. In the system, a syntactic analysis is performed on the input sentence, ambiguity is examined on each possible pair of words included in the result of the syntactic analysis, and only pairs of words determined to be free from ambiguity based on the result of the examination ...
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    10. Method and apparatus for computer understanding and manipulation of minimally formatted text documents

      A method and apparatus which enables a computer to understand and manipulate minimally formatted text of such documents as resumes, purchase order forms, insurance forms, bank statements and similar items is disclosed. The documents are digitized by an optical scanner and translated into ASCII text by an optical character reader. The invention manipulates the digital image of the document to find blocks of contiguous text. After separating the text by block, each block is converted into an ASCII character file. Next, these files are processed by a Grammar, which uses pattern matching techniques and syntax rules to enable the host ...
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    11. Dictionary linked text base apparatus

      This invention pertains to a dictionary-linked text base apparatus having a text searching function and text searching methods using this apparatus at various levels. This realizes a searched result with a higher degree of accuracy and, by linking a text base with an electronic dictionary, this invention enables searches at three levels: all texts containing the morpheme included in a searched object word at a morpheme level; all texts related to the grammatical attribute of the item in the electronic dictionary matching or including the morpheme at a syntactical level; and all texts related to no less than one concept ...
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      Mentions: Tokyo Osaka
    12. Circuits responsive to and controlling charged particles

      Disclosed are self-contained high electrical charge density entities, generated in electrical discharge production. Apparatus for isolating the high charge density entities, selecting them and manipulating them by various guide techniques are disclosed. Utilizing such apparatus, the paths followed by the entities may be switched, or selectively varied in length, for example, whereby the entities may be extensively manipulated. Additional devices are disclosed for the manipulation and exploitation of these entities, including their use with a camera and also in an oscilloscope, as well as their use in generating RF radiation. A flat panel display is disclosed which is operated by ...
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    13. Processing natural language text using autonomous punctuational structure

      A technique for processing natural language text uses a data structure that includes structure data in the text data. The structure data indicates an autonomous punctuational structure of the text, a punctuational structure that is independent of the lexical content of the text and therefore can be manipulated without considering the meaning of the words in the text. The data structure can be a tree in which each node has a textual type such as a paragraph, sentence, clause, phrase, or word. The data structure could alternatively be parallel data sequences, one with codes indicating the text's characters and ...
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    14. System for processing natural language including identifying grammatical rule and semantic concept of an undefined word

      A natural language including Japanese, Korean, Chinese, etc., is suitably processed when an undefined word which is not registered in a dictionary appears in an input character train. When the undefined word appears, a semantic analysis processor decides a semantic concept of the undefined word by using a case dictionary. Further, by using a vocabulary hierarchy dictionary, which registers vocabularies in a hierarchy structure, the semantic analysis processor extracts a group of vocabularies (synonyms) corresponding to a lower concept of the semantic concept of the undefined word. The natural language processing can be achieved practically and efficiently with dictionaries of ...
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    15. Natural language processing system

      A natural language arrangement includes stored grammatical rules each having a phrase structure part representing grammatical functions, a semantic part representing the manner of propagation from a superordinate category to a subordinate category, a condition part, and a message part that imposes limitations on a phrase structure rule using the subordinate category as a superordinate category. The grammatical rules are searched and interpreted to generate a phrase structure for a sentence from grammatical function information obtained by interpreting and applying the searched grammatical rules.
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    16. System and method for parsing natural language by unifying lexical features of words

      A method for parsing for natural languages includes a grammar and a lexicon. A knowledge base may be used to define elements in the lexicon. A processor receives single words input by a user and adds them to a sentence under construction. Valid next words are predicted after each received input word. The preferred system has two major components: a parser and a predictor. The predictor accesses only the lexicon and the knowledge base, if one is used, to determine the valid next input words. The parser constructs sentences which are valid according to the grammar out of words accepted ...
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    17. Method of recognizing continuously spoken words

      A method of recognizing continuously spoken words in which, during the speech recognition, speech values derived from the speech signal are compared with comparison values of the individual words of a given vocabulary. In order to reduce the rate of recognition errors, it is essentially known to take into account speech models, which consequently admit only selected sequences of words. From the theory of the formal languages, a class of speech models designated as "context-free grammar" is known, which represents a comparatively flexible speech model. For the use of this speech model in the technical process of recognition of a ...
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    18. Electronic classroom system enabling interactive self-paced learning

      An interactive electronic classroom system for enabling teachers to teach students concepts and to receive immediate feedback regarding how well the students have learned the concepts. Structure is provided for enabling students to proceed in lockstep or at their own pace through exercises and quizzes, responding electronically to questions asked, the teacher being able to receive the responses, and to interpret a readout, in histogram or other graphic display form, of student responses. In a preferred embodiment, a central computer using an IBM AT (tm) compatible system is employed, together with a plurality of student computers which range from simple ...
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      Mentions: Apple Intel Plato
    19. Information retrieval system with means for analyzing undefined words in a natural language inquiry

      An information retrieval system is adapted to carry out information retrieval by entering an inquiry sentence in natural language, executing semantic analysis of the natural language inquiry sentence by a semantic analysis unit, and producing a retrieval condition from a result of the semantic analysis. The information retrieval system is provided in its semantic analysis unit with an undefined word processing unit which classifies an undefined word in the inquiry sentence in accordance with a process of producing a retrieval condition from the semantic analysis of other words contained in the inquiry sentence, the undefined word being defined as a ...
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      Mentions: Yokohama Hitachi
    20. Method and system for language translation

      A machine translation system capable of performing translation at a high processing speed with improved disambiguation rate in the parsing by applying grammar rules in dependence on the domains to which texts to be translated belong, objects of the texts and rules of sentences in the same text. The machine-translation system for translating a first language to a second language uses a grammer memory for storing grammar rules of the first or second language and a main memory for storing a variety of information, wherein the grammar rules stored in the grammar memory are prepared in groups at least on ...
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      Mentions: Tokyo
    21. Natural language processing system

      A natural language processing system for processing an original text by applying grammar rules, includes a grammar rule control table for holding information on applicability of the grammar rules to the original text, the information containing dictionary information associated with words appearing in the original text, and means for determining application or non-applicability application of each grammar rule based on the applicability information. The application conditions for applying each grammar rule are collectively evaluated or examined based on the information on the applicability of the grammar rules contained in the dictionary information and information on the text type, sentence type ...
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    22. Character string identification device with a memory comprising selectively accessible memory areas

      In a character identification device for identifying an input character to produce an identified code, a memory circuit (40) decides a match between the input character and stored characters preliminarily stored therein to produce a character match signal. An encoder (50) encodes the character match signal into the identified code. The memory circuit (40) includes a plurality of memory areas (41 to 44). A memory area selector (54) selects a specific memory area in response to a selection signal produced from a signal producing circuit (52) to supply the input character to the specific memory area. In a character string ...
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    23. Process for the recognition of a continuous flow of spoken words

      Continuous speech recognition assigns predetermined words to syntactic categories and defines the syntactic categories which can follow and precede each predetermined word. The recognition process is achieved by comparing the input sequence of speech signals to reference values and summing those which are syntactically permissible until they form a valid word. Subsequent speech values to previouly calculated valid words are compared to reference values listed in syntactic categories which can follow the predetermined word. For each word, values are updated indicating the current word's sequence number, syntax category, cumulative comparison sum, and the current list of compared words. Values ...
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    1897-1920 of 1937 « 1 2 ... 77 78 79 80 81 »
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