1. Articles from EurekAlert!

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    1. AI, crowdsourcing combine to close 'analogy gap'

      AI, crowdsourcing combine to close 'analogy gap'

      AI, crowdsourcing combine to close 'analogy gap' Searching and repurposing ideas could inspire innovation Carnegie Mellon University Print E-Mail PITTSBURGH--Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem devised a method enabling computers to mine databases of patents, inventions and research papers, identifying ideas that can be repurposed to solve new problems or create new products.

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    2. A computer that reads body language

      A computer that reads body language

      A computer that reads body language Real-time detector sees hand poses and tracks multiple people Carnegie Mellon University Print E-Mail Loading video... VIDEO: Carnegie Mellon University researchers have developed methods that enable computers to understand body language, enabling computers to track the body pose of multiple individuals, including facial expressions and hand positions view more Credit: Carnegie Mellon University PITTSBURGH--Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University's Robotics Institute have enabled a computer to understand the body poses and movements of multiple people from video in real time -- including, for the first time, the pose of each individual's fingers. This new ...

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    3. Hey Siri, an ancient algorithm may help you grasp metaphors | EurekAlert! Science News

      Hey Siri, an ancient algorithm may help you grasp metaphors | EurekAlert! Science News

      27-Jun-2017 Hey Siri, an ancient algorithm may help you grasp metaphors Study tracks the cognitive steps humans have taken over centuries to create and comprehend metaphoric language University of California - Berkeley IMAGE: Metaphoric language can be challenging for voice-controlled personal assistants like Siri. view more Credit: Yasmin Anwar Ask Siri to find a math tutor to help you "grasp" calculus and she's likely to respond that your request is beyond her abilities.

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    4. Twitter-monitoring system detects riots far quicker than police reports

      Twitter-monitoring system detects riots far quicker than police reports

      26-Jun-2017 Twitter-monitoring system detects riots far quicker than police reports Cardiff University research shows that events from the London riots in 2011 could be automatically detected over an hour quicker than they were reported to the police Cardiff University Print E-Mail Social media can be an invaluable source of information for police when managing major disruptive events, new research from Cardiff University has shown.

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    5. Mapping project will open up new routes to uncharted territory

      Mapping project will open up new routes to uncharted territory

      15-Jun-2017 Mapping project will open up new routes to uncharted territory Three-year project will provide a range of exciting and imaginative teaching resources including three dimensional and Minecraft versions of the fictional settings Lancaster University Print E-Mail What if fictional places in books, such as Middlemarch, Treasure Island, Barsetshire and Gormenghast, could be generated as maps and even 3D visualisations out of the text itself?

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    6. Research aims to make artificial intelligence explain itself

      Research aims to make artificial intelligence explain itself

      Research aims to make artificial intelligence explain itself Oregon State University Print E-Mail CORVALLIS, Ore. - Eight computer science professors in Oregon State University's College of Engineering have received a $6.5 million grant from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to make artificial-intelligence-based systems like autonomous vehicles and robots more trustworthy.

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    7. $50 million endowment establishes the Paul G. Allen School of Computer Science & Engineering

      $50 million endowment establishes the Paul G. Allen School of Computer Science & Engineering

      $50 million endowment establishes the Paul G. Allen School of Computer Science & Engineering University of Washington IMAGE: Paul G. Allen (center) discusses a new $50 million endowment to create the Paul G. Allen School of Computer Science & Engineering with Hank Levy (left), Wissner-Slivka Chair in Computer... view more Credit: Mark Stone/University of Washington The University of Washington took an ambitious step today to assert its leadership in computer science education, research and entrepreneurial innovation with the establishment of the Paul G. Allen School of Computer Science & Engineering. The Board of Regents voted Thursday to name the school after Allen ...

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    8. Artificial intelligence virtual consultant helps deliver better patient care

      Artificial intelligence virtual consultant helps deliver better patient care

      Artificial intelligence virtual consultant helps deliver better patient care 'Deep learning' artificial intelligence provides accurate, timely interventional radiology advice to health care providers Society of Interventional Radiology Print E-Mail WASHINGTON, DC (March 8, 2017)--Interventional radiologists at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) are using technology found in self-driving cars to power a machine learning application that helps guide patients' interventional radiology care, according to research presented today at the Society of Interventional Radiology's 2017 Annual Scientific Meeting. The researchers used cutting-edge artificial intelligence to create a "chatbot" interventional radiologist that can automatically communicate with referring clinicians ...

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    9. UMass Amherst boosts deep learning research with powerful new GPU cluster

      UMass Amherst boosts deep learning research with powerful new GPU cluster

      UMass Amherst boosts deep learning research with powerful new GPU cluster A new cluster of 400 GPUs vaults UMass Amherst toward top in academic computing University of Massachusetts at Amherst IMAGE: UMass Amherst's new GPU cluster is housed at the Massachusetts Green High Performance Computing Center in nearby Holyoke. view more Credit: UMass Amherst AMHERST, Mass.

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    10. Barrow identifies new genes responsible for ALS using IMB Watson Health

      Barrow identifies new genes responsible for ALS using IMB Watson Health

      Barrow identifies new genes responsible for ALS using IMB Watson Health Findings pave way for potential new treatments to combat deadly disease St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center IMAGE: Barrow Neurological Institute and IBM Watson Health announced on Dec. 14 new genes tied to ALS. The findings pave the way for potential new treatments for combat the deadly disease.

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    11. Fiction-book narratives: Only six emotional storylines

      Fiction-book narratives: Only six emotional storylines

      Fiction-book narratives: Only six emotional storylines How scientists are using big data analysis to deconstruct the art of storytelling Springer Print E-Mail Our most beloved works of fiction hide well-trodden narratives. And most fictions is based on far fewer storylines than you might have imagined. To come to this conclusion, big data scientists have worked with colleagues from natural language processing to analyse the narrative in more than a thousand works of fiction.

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    12. Liquid silicon: Computer chips could bridge the gap between computation and storage

      IMAGE: Software written by Jing Li, right, and her students -- including Jialiang Zhang, left -- allows programmers to directly use existing coding languages with the new Liquid Silicon chips. view more Credit: Photo courtesy UW-Madison/Stephanie Precourt. MADISON, WIs. -- Computer chips in development at the University of Wisconsin-Madison could make future computers more efficient and powerful by combining tasks usually kept separate by design.

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    13. Real men don't say 'cute'

      Real men don't say 'cute' Psychologists tap big data and Twitter to analyze the accuracy of stereotypes Society for Personality and Social Psychology IMAGE: "Inaccurate stereotypes " indicate words (c) written by men but characterized as female, or (d) written by women but characterized as male. Word size indicates strength of the correlation and word... view more Credit: Social Psychological and Personality Science , 2016. What's in a tweet?

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    14. Mobile app behavior often appears at odds with privacy policies

      Mobile app behavior often appears at odds with privacy policies

      Mobile app behavior often appears at odds with privacy policies Automated analysis shows apps don't always seem to do what they say Carnegie Mellon University Print E-Mail PITTSBURGH--How a mobile app says it will collect or share a user's personal information with third parties often appears to be inconsistent with how the app actually behaves, a new automated analysis system developed by Carnegie Mellon University has revealed.

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    15. Brain 'reads' sentences the same in English and Portuguese

      Brain 'reads' sentences the same in English and Portuguese Carnegie Mellon University IMAGE: This image compares the neural activation patterns between images from the participants' brains when reading "O eleitor foi ao protesto " (observed image) and the computational model's prediction for "The voter... view more Credit: Carnegie Mellon University An international research team led by Carnegie Mellon University has found that when the brain "reads" or decodes a sentence in English or Portuguese, its neural activation patterns are the same. Published in NeuroImage , the study is the first to show that different languages have similar neural signatures for describing ...

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    16. Technique reveals the basis for machine-learning systems' decisions

      Technique reveals the basis for machine-learning systems' decisions

      Technique reveals the basis for machine-learning systems' decisions Making computers explain themselves Print E-Mail In recent years, the best-performing systems in artificial-intelligence research have come courtesy of neural networks, which look for patterns in training data that yield useful predictions or classifications. A neural net might, for instance, be trained to recognize certain objects in digital images or to infer the topics of texts. But neural nets are black boxes.

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    17. Eyetracking data can improve language technology and help readers

      Eyetracking data can improve language technology and help readers

      Eyetracking data can improve language technology and help readers University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Humanities Print E-Mail New research from the University of Copenhagen shows that recordings of gaze data - within a few seconds - can reveal whether a word causes a reader problems. This insight could be used to alleviate reading problems with software that offer translations of difficult words or suggest easier texts as soon as readers experience problems.

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    18. Researchers want to achieve machine translation of the 24 languages of the EU

      Researchers want to achieve machine translation of the 24 languages of the EU

      Researchers want to achieve machine translation of the 24 languages of the EU Saarland University IMAGE: Professor of Translation-Oriented Language Technologies at Saarland University and a Scientific Director at the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence. view more Credit: DFKI The aim of their collaboration is to achieve machine-based translation between the languages of the European Union so that comprehensible texts are achieved for as many language combinations as possible.

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    19. New smartphone app makes it easy to find -- and enroll in -- clinical trials

      New smartphone app makes it easy to find -- and enroll in -- clinical trials

      1-Jun-2016 New smartphone app makes it easy to find -- and enroll in -- clinical trials Getting people to participate in clinical trials is a key bottleneck in medical research; a UB professor's app can help overcome it University at Buffalo IMAGE: The purpose of the app Elkin developed is to try to overcome some of the bottlenecks in clinical trial recruitment that prevent medical advances from reaching the patients who need... view more Credit: Douglas Levere, University at Buffalo BUFFALO, N.Y. - It takes an astounding 17 years, on average, for laboratory breakthroughs to reach patients. A big part of ...

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    20. Why are women less likely to be prescribed statins than men?

      Why are women less likely to be prescribed statins than men?

      ( Brigham and Women's Hospital ) Statins are equally effective at decreasing risk of coronary events in men and women, and yet women are less likely to be prescribed these cholesterol-lowering drugs than men. A study by investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) published this week in PLOS ONE identifies four factors that may account for this disparity, pointing to interventions and ...

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