1. Israel

    0 Comments Leave a Comment

    1-15 of 485 1 2 3 4 ... 31 32 33 »
    1. Mentioned In 485 Articles

    2. 1-15 of 485 1 2 3 4 ... 31 32 33 »
  1. Categories

    1. Default:

      Discourse, Entailment, Machine Translation, NER, Parsing, Segmentation, Semantic, Sentiment, Summarization, WSD
  2. About Israel

    Israel (Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל, Yisra'el), officially the State of Israel (Hebrew: , Medinat Yisra'el; , Dawlat Isrā'īl), is a country in the Middle East located on the southeastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea. It has borders with Lebanon in the north, Syria and Jordan in the east, and Egypt on the southwest.

    Geographically, Israel lies between the Mediterranean and extensive tracts of subtropical desert (the Syrian Desert, Arabian Desert and Sinai Desert). It is also the catchment area of the Rift Valley, characterized by unique topographical features. The Rift Valley is the deepest continental depression on earth, with the Dead Sea forming an inland sea. The Dead Sea is 1,300 feet (400 m) lower than Mediterranean, with one of the highest mineral contents of any body of water on earth. As a result of these geographical features, Israel is notable for vastly different landscapes within relatively short distances.

    Israel declared its independence in 1948 after the United Nations approved the partition of the British Mandate of Palestine into two states, Jewish and Arab, in November 1947. The Arab countries rejected the plan, and attacked the State of Israel the moment it was created.

    Israel's victory in the ensuing 1948 Arab-Israeli War expanded the borders of the Jewish state beyond those envisaged by the UN partition plan. In 1967, the military preparations of the neighboring Arab states preciptated a preemptive strike by Israel. The Six-Day War ended with the capture of the Golan Heights, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and the Sinai Peninsula. In 1973, Israel repelled a surprise attack by a coalition of Arab states in the Yom Kippur War. In 1977, Egypt was the first Arab country to sign a peace treaty with Israel. Israel withdrew from the Sinai Peninsula in return. Jordan normalized relations with Israel in 1994. In the wake of the Oslo Accords in 1993, Palestinian National Authority was formed to administer the territories in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Israel withdrew completely from the Gaza Strip in 2005.

    The population of Israel today is over seven million, with a large Jewish majority. While Israel is home to both Jews and Arabs, as well as a large number of Christian and other minority groups, it is the world's only Jewish state. Jerusalem is the capital city and seat of government. Due to its broad array of political rights and civil liberties, Israel is considered the only liberal democracy in the Middle East. Despite Israel's political problems and the vast sums it spends on military defense, Israel is an active competitor in the global market and is considered the most progressive in the region in terms of freedom of the press, business regulations, economic competition, and overall human development."

  3. Quotes about Israel

    1. In its 60 years as an independent state, Israel has had to contend with many challenges. Yet through it all it has continued to adapt, develop and prosper. 'We now take almost for granted impressive Israeli achievements in fields such as science and technology, industry, agriculture, education and the arts. In retrospect, we can only wonder at how all this was achieved under such difficult circumstances.
      Jose Manuel Barroso in EU congratulates Israel on its anniversary, aims for closer ties
    2. The EU and Israel are closer now than they were ever before.
      In EU congratulates Israel on its anniversary, aims for closer ties
    3. The EU and Israel are closer now than they were ever before.
      In British PM: Israel`s creation one of the 20th century`s `greatest achievements`