Montreal, or Montréal in French, (pronounced in Canadian English, in Quebec French, and in European French) is the second-largest city in Canada and the largest city in the province of Quebec. Originally called Ville-Marie (literally 'City-Mary', translated 'Mary's City' or 'City of Mary'), the city had come to be known as Montréal by the end of the 17th century, a name derived from the French Mont Royal ("Mount Royal"), the name of the three-head hill at the heart of the city.
Formerly the largest metropolis of Canada (a distinction acquired by Toronto in the mid-1970s), it is the second-largest French-speaking city in the Western world after Paris. As of the 2006 Canadian Census, 1,620,693 people resided in the city of Montreal proper. With the development of the maize horticulture, the St. Lawrence Iroquoians established the village of Hochelaga at the foot of the Mount Royal. The French explorer Jacques Cartier visited Hochelaga on October 2, 1535, claiming the St. Lawrence Valley for France. He estimated the population to be "over a thousand".
Seventy years later, French explorer Samuel de Champlain reported that the St. Lawrence Iroquoians and their settlements had disappeared altogether from the St. Lawrence valley, likely due to inter-tribe wars, European diseases, and out-migration. Champlain, known as the father of New France, founded a permanent French settlement in Quebec City in 1608. He would have established La Place Royale, a fur trading post on the Island of Montreal in 1611, but the indigenous Iroquois repelled the colonists.
In 1639, Jérôme Le Royer de La Dauversière obtained the Seigneurial title to the Island of Montreal in the name of the Société de Notre-Dame de Montréal to establish a Roman Catholic mission for evangelizing natives. Ville-Marie, the first permanent French settlement on the Island, was founded in 1642 at Pointe-à-Callière. Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve would act as governor of the colony, and Jeanne Mance built the Hôtel-Dieu, Montreal's first hospital.
By 1651, Ville-Marie had been reduced to less that 50 inhabitants by relentless attacks by Iroquois. Maisonneuve returned to France that year with the intention of recruiting 100 men to bolster the failing colony. He had already decided that should he fail to recruit these settlers, he would abandon Ville-Marie and move everyone back downriver to Quebec City. (Even 10 years after its founding, the people of Quebec City still thought of Montréal as "une folle enterprise" (trans: a crazy undertaking)) These recruits arrived on 16th November 1653 and essentially gauranteed the evolution of Ville Marie and of all New France (See ref Auger below). Marguerite Bourgeoys would found the Congrégation de Notre-Dame, Montreal's first school, in 1653. In 1663, the Sulpician seminary became the new Seigneur of the island."
Quotes about Montreal
Welocalize is delighted to be playing such a prominent role in the Localization World 2016 Conference in Montreal and we look forward to leading the conversation on how to best engage global customers.In Welocalize : Sponsors and Presents at Localization World 2016 in Montreal
We are delighted to be holding our 2016 LocLeaders Forum event in Montreal and we look forward to welcoming some of the world's largest global brands to take part in some valuable discussions with our team of experts and special guest speakers.In Welocalize : Sponsors and Presents at Localization World 2016 in Montreal
Welocalize is delighted to be playing such a prominent role in the Localization World 2016 Conference in Montreal and we look forward to leading the conversation on how to best engage global customers.In Welocalize Sponsors and Presents at Localization World 2016 in Montreal